Staining properties of platinum blue
Staining properties of osmium tetroxide
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Staining: PAS staining
Microscope: Light microscopeSample: Paraffin section (Membranous glomerulonephritis)
Image descriptionLight microscope image of a renal biopsy paraffin section (membranous glomerulonephritis). Several glomeruli (→) are visible in this section.
Staining: Platinum-blue staining
Microscope: LVSEMSample: Paraffin section (Membranous glomerulonephritis)
Accelerating voltage: 15 kV
Image descriptionLVSEM image (platinum-blue staining) 5) of a paraffin section. The sections shown here and in Fig. 100002a are different, but were prepared from the same block.
Staining: PAM staining
Image descriptionLVSEM image (PAM staining) of a paraffin section. The sections shown here and in Fig. 100002a are different, but were prepared from the same block.
Renal biopsy paraffin sections (mounted on glass slides) were first stained with platinum-blue or PAM, and then examined by a LVSEM. At lower magnifications (×40 - 60), all of the glomeruli (indicated by arrows) in each section can be captured as a overview image which is a similar image obtained with a light microscope. Each glomerulus is then examined at slightly higher magnifications (×600 - 1,000). Certain sliced samples show both the cross-sectional and surface views of the same glomerulus, while others provide only a large surface area of a glomerulus. At much higher magnifications (up to ×10,000), it is possible to examine areas of lesions showing pathological findings three-dimensionally.
The images shown in Figs. 100002 a, b, and c were acquired from different tissue sections, but these sections were prepared from the same paraffin block. Similar to the light microscope image (Fig. 100002a), the LVSEM images (Figs. 100002 b and c) captured at low magnifications allow for the examination of the entire section. Thus, several glomeruli (indicated by arrows) can be identified in both sections. Importantly, the light-dark patterns in images b and c are reversed. This is caused by differences in the staining specificities of platinum-blue and PAM, and provides an opportunity to observe these renal biopsy sections from complementary viewpoints.
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